Psoriasis - is a chronic, inflammatory disease with a characteristic appearance of skin lesions. Despite numerous and extensive research, the cause of psoriasis is still not fully understood. The genetic basis (including the polymorphism of the HLA-Cw6 gene) and the immunological basis (Langerhans cells and T-helper lymphocytes) play an undoubted role.
You can alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of psoriasis, including dry scales appearing on the skin and the accompanying inflammation of the skin.
The course of the procedure
Psoriasis is initially treated only externally. When the use of ointments and irradiation does not give the expected results, oral medications are also administered. Therapy begins with the removal (but not mechanical) of the scales . For this purpose, the skin is lubricated with keratolic preparations with salicylic acid. On the cleansed skin, ointments - cygnoline, tar and vitamin D derivatives are applied. Sometimes steroid ointments and immunosuppressive drugs that act on the immune system (eg cyclosporin) or vitamin A derivatives (so-called retinoids) are used. Phototherapy, i.e. skin irradiation, is also effective. Before UVA irradiation, photosensitizing preparations are taken. You need about 20 treatments 2-3 times a week to achieve a healing effect.
In the period of remission (remission) of parenchymal lesions, avoid factors that may contribute to the exacerbation of the lesions (elimination of inflammatory foci in the body - e.g. treatment of caries, avoiding colds, smoking ban, avoiding certain medications - e.g. oral glucocorticosteroids). Furthermore, dry skin should be avoided by using appropriate emollients.